Stage 4 Kidney Disease
The kidneys are in serious jeopardy of not functioning at all by the time a person is in stage 4 kidney disease. The GFR function ranges from 0 to 100 and a person in this stage has a function of at least 15 but no more than 29.
They have very low energy and the body isn’t able to complete daily tasks. Even taking a shower or making dinner can leave a person exhausted.
There is also the issue of the body not being able to remove enough waste on its own. A person that is in stage 4 kidney disease may need to go to dialysis several times a week, with each session lasting several hours.
It can be tough to get enough exercise too due to the lack of energy. Other health problems such as diabetes or heart disease can also compound the issue.
Individuals in stage 4 kidney disease are often asked to consider a kidney transplant if they are healthy enough to undergo surgery. They must be a good match with the donor for this to occur. In many cases, a kidney comes from a family member that is compatible.
There are tests that can be done on friends and even kind strangers that wish to help out in order to find a candidate with a kidney.
There is a waiting list for kidney donations, but it isn’t as long as those for heart patients or other types of health concerns. This is because a kidney can come from a live person. Even though you have two of them, you only need one fully functional so donating the other is possible.
However, some people are afraid to do so, worried that they may need the other at one point should they have their own kidney problems.
Even so, it is amazing that the generosity of people works like it does. With stage 4 kidney disease, there is every effort taken to get a person as healthy as possible while looking for a donor. This increases their chance of doing well in surgery and their body accepting the new kidney.
Today, many medications can be given after such a surgery. They help to lower the risk of the body rejecting the new organ.
At this stage of kidney disease, a person that chooses not to undergo dialysis is very likely going to die in a short period of time. The limited function of the kidneys won’t be enough to get their waste removed from the body. Someone that has a kidney transplant may still need to go through dialysis for a period of time.